Tsum Valley Trek: Exploring the Hidden Himalayan Paradise with Unique Culture and Traditions

Book Himalayas Author Book Himalayas
Update on: May 22, 2023

The Tsum Valley Trek comes under the category of one of the most adventurous expeditions in Nepal’s Himalayan range.

Tsum Valley’s Tibetan-Nepalese ambiance will be something noteworthy to discover when trekking. The isolated hamlets around the bends of these valleys will lend a depth of flavor to this adventure.

More than this, it will be fascinating to discover the customs and cultures of the locals living throughout the valley. Along with it, the Manaslu region’s enchanting flora, waterfalls, glaciers, and many other geographic wonders astonish trekkers throughout the Tsum Valley Trek.

The Tibetan impact on the hamlets dangling down the emerald cliffs, the tranquil vibrancies of central Nepal, and the Manaslu Region’s flora and fauna enhance the excitement and exhilaration throughout this fantastic journey.

Manaslu Mountain glows in the morning's golden light.
Manaslu Mountain glows in the morning’s golden light

Experience the Unique Traditions and Culture of Tsum Valley

The Tsum Valley Trek exposes you to the fascinating Tibetan-Nepali culture by introducing you to some of the region’s most remote settlements.

The mud and wooden cottages contribute to the historical atmosphere as you traverse this region.

Also, a must-see site in this region is the monasteries. Some notable monasteries in this region include Mu Gompa, Rachen Gompa, and Lungdang Gompa.

Similarly, Buddhism is the predominant religion that the inhabitants of Tsum Valley have been practicing for many years.

The Sheera River, which runs through the valley, offers adequate water to cultivate agricultural land. Furthermore, it’s normal to see yaks and sheep near the hamlet.

Similarly, one might come across inhabitants celebrating the iconic “Lohsar” festival. Along with the gathering and great food, the celebration with a Buddhist flavor also features a mask dance.

Throughout the trek, the great culture and traditions of the Tsum Valley surprise the trekkers.

Exploring the Pristine Landscape and Breathtaking Ecosystem

Tsum Valley trek offers you to immerse yourself in the beautiful ecology of Central Nepal while trekking through idyllic landscapes.

A trail leading from the lower region meanders through the mesmerizing Budi Gandaki River and enfolds you in the rolling hills of the Manaslu Region.

On the approach to the northern mountain ranges, while savoring the Soti Khola, you can notice a thick Rhododendron woodland and mystical shrubbery overhanging the cliffs.

Even if it takes some effort to keep going up the narrow trail across the valley, the experience will be enticing.

Likewise, the rare species of flora and fauna, as well as the wildflowers visible across the Tsum Valley, will be a tremendous attraction.

The dazzling Himalayas to the north adds to the divine atmosphere when trekking across the valley. The pristine sceneries of Buddha Himal, Shringi Himal, Macchapuchre, Nilgiri, Ganesh Himal, and Hiunchuli will be your backdrop during the trek.

Furthermore, the splendid waterfalls will be waiting to astonish you amid the trek.

Another stunning sight is the Fresh River, waterfalls, and glaciers emerging from the Himalayas. The adventure will be challenging in some ways and will take considerable effort.

The Tsum Valley trek’s landscapes and rugged terrain offer one of the most exciting trekking experiences ever.

Highlights of Tsum Valley Trek

  • Trek through sections of abundant greenery, waterfalls, pine and rhododendron forests
  • Appreciate the spectacular views of Buddha Himal, Hiunchuli, Manaslu, Annapurna, and Nilgiri
  • Discover Gurung as well as Tibetan-Nepalese Buddhist hamlets and grasp their lifestyles
  • Admire the scenery of glaciers, including Poshyop glacier, monasteries with prayer flags, and feel the serene atmosphere while crossing the suspension bridge
  • Encounter rare flora and fauna
  • Ascend the trail, passing through the Budi Gandaki and Soti Khola

16 Days Itinerary of the trip

Day 01: Arrival at the Airport

The airplane will fly you across Nepal’s lush landscapes before landing at Tribhuvan International Airport. After getting inside the airport, you can hold the cardboard and wait for our representative to arrive.

Likewise, our tour representative will be there to pick you up in a short amount of time. Moreover, a private vehicle service will transport you from the airport to the hotel.

Day 02: Sightseeing at Kathmandu

The Kathmandu Valley’s early fragrance will rejuvenate us. Afterward, we will visit Kathmandu’s historical sites using a private vehicle.

Firstly, we will explore all components of Pashupatinath. The monkeys and deer near the temple and the elegant statues will be significantly perceived.

Boudhanath will greet us as we move north and take a short drive. Following our exploration, we’ll move towards the “Swayambhunath” monkey temple and take in the surroundings.

Similarly, after visiting Patan Durbar Square, we will return to the hotel to prepare for the trek for the next day.

Day 03: Drive from Kathmandu to Soti Khola (700m) – 6 hrs drive

Budi Gandaki River
Budi Gandaki River

Early in the morning, after waking up, we will move toward the bus station. From this location, we will board the bus and head to the north-south of Kathmandu.

After traversing the Dhadingbesi settlements and meandering roads, we will finally arrive at the Arughat Bazaar. The road will get increasingly tricky from Arughat.

The jeep will drive us further from Arughat, past the Budi Gandaki River and the remote townships of the Dhading region.

Following driving for another hour and a half, we will arrive at Soti Khola, where we will spend the night.

Day 04: Trek from Soti Kola to Machhakhola (900m) – 6 hrs

Captivating morning scenery at Machhakola during Tsum valley trek
Captivating morning scenery at Machhakola

The morning taste of tea and bread will give us incredible energy. We will proceed cautiously as we approach the trail that goes to the pine forest.

We will trek via the Budi-Gandaki River’s gorge, passing through various hamlets along the trail. The trail will get narrower after you pass the Suspension Bridge.

Getting the right path into the woods and coming down to the river again, we will arrive at Macchakhala and spend the night there.

Day 05: Trek to Jagat (1,400m) – 7 hrs

The sound of the sparkling river in the morning will be soothing. Once breakfast is complete, we will cross the picturesque river and head toward the dense vegetation.

We will make our way to the Khorlabesi hamlet by navigating the trial through the Rhododendron forest and the spectacular greenery.

Likewise, we will gradually ascend the tight trail until we reach the Suspension Bridge. The splendid Himalayan vistas will become apparent as we traverse the bridge.

Again, heading north, we’ll traverse the Dobhan settlement afterward, deep in the bushes and cliffs.

We will eventually reach the Jagat by extending our trek along the Yaru River’s edge. A night in Jagat will be an unbelievable experience.

Day 06: Trek from Jagat to Lokpa (2,300m) – 6 to 7 hrs

A relaxing morning in the lovely valley of greenery will be something extraordinary. As we continue north, the terrain will become more rugged and steep.

Likewise, navigating the daunting Salleri cliffs, Serdibas‘ incredible tranquil atmosphere will greet us. The trial will comprise stone steps and lead us to the most beautiful section of the adventure.

As we enter the gloomy woodland again, the Alpine region’s vegetation and wildlife begin to emerge. After a short diversion, we will cross the Philim and arrive at the Lokpa, where we will spend the night.

Day 07: Trek to Chumling (2,400m) – 5 to 6 hrs

In the morning, the Tsum Valley’s majestic atmosphere genuinely delights us. Once more, the trial will take us to the adventure’s splendor.

We will arrive in an isolated Tibetan-Nepalese settlement after crossing small bridges and monasteries. After a little break, we will continue to follow the Ganesh Himal’s northern perspective until we reach the wooden bridge.

The adventure’s most exciting aspect will be the broken wooden bridge. Continuing through the bridge and following the trial, we will arrive in the magnificent Chumling community and spend the night there.

Day 08: Trek to Chhokhangparo (3,200m) – 5 hrs


Following the trail along the cliff edge, we will gradually ascend to the north. The residences, as well as the surrounding rural regions, will completely astonish us.

Within an hour, we can witness the spectacular Hiunchuli and Buddha Himal. After a bit of rest, we will continue the trek to the picturesque settlements of Paro and Chekkam, which will greet us throughout the trial.

Likewise, the locals’ Buddhist culture will fascinate us. Moreover, we will spend an incredible overnight admiring the vista from Chhokhangparo in the evening.

Day 09: Trek from Chhokhangparo to Nile (3,454m) – 6 to 7 hrs

The peaceful settlement will feel wonderful in the morning. From here, we will pull up to an uphill area where we will come upon an ancient cave with a fascinating background.

Following our admiration and exit from the Phiron Fuu Cave, we will move farther in the direction of the Buddhist People’s deep Alpine habitation.

A fantastic collection of prayer flags dangling down the cliff may appear as we cross the monasteries.

Later, after crossing the river, we will arrive at the Nile while admiring the panorama of gompas, including the well-known “Rachen Gompa.” At the Nile, we will spend the night.

Day 10: Trek to Mu Gompa (3,750m) and back to Nile – 6 hrs

In the morning, a cup of milk tea on the edge of the Himalayas will be remarkable. We will once more traverse the Himalayas’ lush greenery after navigating the route through cliffs and other obstacles.

After trekking more into the Tsum Valley, we will arrive at the Mu Gompa within a few hours. At Mu Gompa, we will visit the monastery and observe Buddhist contemplation.

The surrounding sculptures and prayer wheels contribute to the magnificent atmosphere. Following the trail back and traversing through medieval chortens, we will arrive at the Nile and spend the night.

Day 11: Trek from Nile to Chhokhangparo (3,000m) – 6 hrs

The atmosphere in the morning will be excellent, and breakfast will be delicious, with a stunning view of Hiunchuli and the Ganesh Himal to the north.

Following the trial, we will emerge from the rocky trail into the cottage-style teahouse on the river’s edge.

After enjoying our lunch, we will go southward, crossing a wooden bridge to reach Chokhangparo. At Chokhangparo, a night will be fantastic.

Day 12: Trek from Chhokhangparo to Chumling and trek to Lokpa (2,500m) – 5 to 6 hrs

The freshness of the early air and the Tsum Valley’s lush vegetation revitalize us. We will return to the Buddhism Settlement. After passing through the pine forest and beautiful greenery of the Alpine region, we will arrive at Chumling.

Taking some breaks and admiring the surrounding, we will continue our trek.

Likewise, we will be able to encounter spectacular vegetation and animals as we gently make our way toward the trail that leads to the Philim.

After a while from Philim, Lokpa will finally welcome us. At one of the teahouses of the Lokpa, we will be spending the night.

Day 13: Trek to Jagat (1,500m)- 7 hrs

Today will be an exciting day as we traverse the outstanding natural attractions of the lower Tsum Valley.

The lush vegetation and rhododendron woodland embrace us as we cross the suspension bridge.

Spectacular will be the faraway sight of the Buddha Himal and the Manaslu. We’ll make it to the Jagat and spend the night there after passing through the damp region and encountering waterfalls and streams.

Day 14: Trek from Jagat to Machhakhola (800m) – 6 hrs

Lately, we will encounter many artful individuals from different communities.

Beginning at the Budigandaki riverside, the trail will gradually become more accessible and descend steadily.

Trekking through the Gurung settlement will let us learn the hidden aspects of their culture. Following the trial, we will ascend to Machhakhola, where we will spend the night.

Day 15: Trek to Soti Khola (750m) and Drive Back to Kathmandu – Trek for 3hrs and Drive for 6 hrs

The last glimpse of the Annapurna and Ganesh Himal to the north will astonish us in the morning. Once more, we will reach the Budi Gandaki River’s edge by staying on the route, which is gravel.

We will arrive at Soti Khola in 2 hours and then take a jeep ride to Arughat. Likewise, taking a little break, we will take a direct bus ride to Kathmandu from Arughat, which will take us through the winding roads of Dhading.

Within some hours of driving from Dhading, Kathmandu will welcome us, where we will spend the night.

Day 16: Departure day

With a mug of tea, the last morning in Nepal will feel fantastic and magnificent. Our tour representative will drive you off at the airport in a private car after packing everything, including the clothing and other essential belongings.

You will depart towards your destination after completing the necessary airport check-in procedures and other formalities.

What is the level of difficulty for the Tsum Valley trek?

The level of difficulty for the Tsum Valley Trek is moderate to challenging. Around 3,700 meters is the highest point you will be trekking to.

The Tsum Valley trek poses challenges due to its high altitude. The rugged terrain with uphill and downhill sections adds to the difficulty of this trip.

Furthermore, it is simple to trek across the lower and middle portions of Tsum Valley. But the difficulty increases as you approach farther north.

So, thorough planning is crucial before beginning the mesmerizing Tsum Valley Trek.


The trek will begin at roughly 800m through the Soti Khola. As you ascend, you will gain 1000m each day and reach a peak altitude of 3,700m.

There may be so many altitude concerns, such as the service of trekking and altitude sickness.

You must take breaks and consume the appropriate nutrients to maintain energy levels. Keeping your body’s oxygen levels healthy and taking frequent breaks will also help.

At an altitude of 3000 meters, you will be able to behold the breathtaking scenery of Tsum Valley.

Distance and Duration

The Tsum Valley trek necessitates approximately 8 and 20 kilometers per day trek. Depending on how arduous the trial is, it takes a while to get from one location to another.

Additionally, it requires 5 to 7 hours of trekking time each day to complete the entire Tsum Valley trek in 14 days.

You’ll need plenty of energy as you go down the long trail and across the average distance.

The topography of Tsum Valley is challenging and puts the trekker’s abilities to the test. Yet, the difficulty level remains moderate as the trek progresses toward Chumling.

Changing Weather

Regular weather fluctuations occur in the Manaslu Region and Tsum Valley. It is because of the high altitude and geographic location.

The gloomy clouds roaming the high mountains cause heavy rains, snow, and storms. Soil erosion, floods, and landslides will all have a high probability.

Thus, you must determine the ideal time for the Tsum Valley Trek.

In this case, the first thing to do is to make weather predictions before entering the deep valley.

Caution is necessary during the Tsum Valley trekking. Pack necessary items such as a raincoat, sleeping bag, sturdy trekking boots, and anti-infection lotion.

Book Himalayas Author Book Himalayas
Update on: May 22, 2023